Updated: Jul 24, 2019
A non-invasive prenatal test to diagnose a risk of sickle cell disease in a baby is possible and may be available in clinics in a near future, if further testing confirms its efficacy, researchers in the U.K. report.
Julia van Campen presented the first results of the non-invasive test in the presentation “Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of sickle cell disease by next generation sequencing of cell-free DNA” at the recent 2019 European Human Genetics Conference in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive disease, meaning that a child has to inherit two mutated copies of the hemoglobin gene to develop it — one from each parent. If both parents have sickle cell trait, there is a 25 percent chance the child will have SCD.
Without early diagnosis and treatment, the life expectancy of children with SCD is only a few years.